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The final president of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, passes away at age 91

The final president of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, passes away at age 91. Russian and Soviet politician Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev was born on 2 March 1931 and died on 30 August 2022. He served as the Communist Party of the Soviet Union’s general secretary from 1985 until 1991, making him the eighth and final leader of the Soviet Union.

The final president of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, passes away at age 91. Russian and Soviet politician Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev was born on 2 March 1931 and died on 30 August 2022. He served as the Communist Party of the Soviet Union’s general secretary from 1985 until 1991, making him the eighth and final leader of the Soviet Union.

The final president of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, passes away at age of 91| Mikhail Gorbachev Death | How old is Gorbachev

According to Russian news media, Mikhail Gorbachev has passed away. His endeavor to modernize communist rule in the Soviet Union unleashed forces that ultimately led to the collapse of the superpower.The final president of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, passes away at age 91.
According to the Moscow Central Clinical Hospital, Gorbachev passed away following “a protracted and dangerous illness.” He was 91.

From 1985 until the Soviet Union’s demise in 1991, Gorbachev served as its leader. During that time, he introduced the perestroika and glasnost policies, which encouraged more political and economic openness.

Mikhail Gorbachev’s Contributions To The Cold War | What Did Mikhail Gorbachev Do During The Cold War

However, he was swiftly overtaken by the reforms, which brought about the fall of the totalitarian Soviet Union, the liberation of the countries of Eastern Europe from Russian rule, and the cessation of the Cold War by putting an end to decades of East-West nuclear hostilities.

The final president of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, passes away at age 91.
Gorbachev was immensely reviled at home because Russians held him responsible for the fall of the once-daunting Soviet Union, despite the fact that he received the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize for his role in ending the Cold War.

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Even if he didn’t mean for the Soviet dictatorship to come apart, Gorbachev, one of the most influential political personalities of the second half of the 20th century, gave the Soviet Union a more contemporary, amiable appearance than his predecessors.

He was ultimately persuaded to dissolve the Communist Party in order to overthrow a totalitarian state that had seized control of Eastern Europe and spread communism globally by democratic campaigners led by Moscow’s mayor, Boris Yeltsin.

Gorbachev served as the Communist Party of the Soviet Union’s general secretary, thus acting as its leader. In 1990, he was elected as the country’s first president.

Under his leadership, the Soviet Union started to pull out of Afghanistan in 1988, capping a terrible 10-year war effort that claimed the lives of 1 million Afghan civilians and 15,000 Soviet soldiers.
He was given the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 for his efforts to reduce nuclear stockpiles between the two countries, which he accomplished with President Ronald Reagan.

The Soviet Union was dismantled a year later, the Eastern European group was released, and Yeltsin won the first free elections in more than 70 years, putting Gorbachev out of office. The Cold War, which began after World War II and was characterized by escalating hostilities between the United States and its allies against the Soviet Union and its puppet states, came to an end with Gorbachev’s retirement.

Gorbachev intended to turn around the Soviet Union’s fortunes, which had been destroyed by economic central planning and hindered by efforts to keep up with Reagan’s military buildup, which had angered the Soviets with its pursuit of a space-based anti-nuclear missile system. The two leaders decided to halt the production of nuclear weapons and get rid of some.

Soviet States Independence

As Moscow lost power, the Eastern Bloc countries renounced communism, and some Soviet-era puppet states claimed independence. Hardliners in the administration attempted an unsuccessful coup d’état in August 1991. They gave the Soviet Army the command to suppress protests in Moscow, but the soldiers rejected Yeltsin’s insistence.

Gorbachev tried to further alter the party after the coup attempt, but the democratic forces outnumbered him. One day before the Soviet Union fell apart, on December 25, 1991, he announced his resignation as president.

After Leonid Brezhnev’s death in 1982 and the two leaders who briefly succeeded him, Gorbachev’s ascent to power essentially matched that of Reagan, who had won office in 1980 in part due to a political platform that included virulent anti-communism.The final president of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, passes away at age 91.

The two got together for five summits, the first of which took place in Geneva in 1985 as they sat around a fire with just translators present in an effort to identify common ground and forge ties between themselves and their respective nations.

They regrouped a year later and convened in Reykjavik, Iceland, where they nearly reached an understanding to destroy all medium-range missiles stationed in Europe. The debate over the American space-based missile defense system, a project that Reagan insisted on pursuing, contributed to the failure of the plan.

To advance their conversation, they got together three more times in Washington, Moscow, and New York. The first accord to reduce nuclear weapons was struck in 1987 when they agreed to eliminate all nuclear-armed ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges of 310 to 3,100 miles.

Berlin Wall

In 1987, during his address at the Berlin Wall, Reagan famously referred to Gorbachev by name and demanded that the Soviet leader down the wall that separated the city in half and had come to symbolize the Cold War.
“General Secretary Gorbachev, come here to this gate if you wish liberalization, peace, and prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe! Please open this gate, Mr. Gorbachev! Reagan yelled, “Mr. Gorbachev, pull down this wall!”

Reagan acknowledged the political and economic reforms Gorbachev had brought about before making that demand: “There have been some political prisoners releases. The jamming of some international news broadcasts has stopped. Some businesses have been given more latitude to operate without interference from the government.
Are they the first steps toward significant changes in the Soviet state? Reagan enquired. “Or are they merely token actions meant to deceive Westerners or reinforce the Soviet system without actually altering it?The final president of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, passes away at age 91.

The wall was finally removed in 1990 after being allowed for transit between the two Berlins two years earlier, in 1989.
A Russian-Ukrainian peasant family in the village of Privolnoye, Krasnogvardeisky district, Stavropol territory, a rural area in the south of the Russian republic, gave birth to Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev on March 2, 1931.

Mikhail Gorbachev’s Previous Offices

Gorbachev concentrated on his Gorbachev Foundation after leaving office, which aimed to bring about reform in Russia. His 1953 bride Raisa passed away in 1999 after a battle with illness.

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